CWTI Trainings

Emotional Intelligence graphic
Emotional Intelligence


The Components of Emotion


graphic of butterflies


Emotions have aspects that can be observed, measured and predicted.  There are three general components to emotion:

  1. Behavioral expression: How you show emotion through facial expression, body posture and tone of voice.

  2. Cognitive: How you evaluate and interpret emotions and translate them into thoughts, including the meaning you derive from the emotion.

  3. Biological arousal: How you physically experience emotion.

The following example illustrates these components:

Emotion: Anxiety. Behavioral expression – Tight facial expression, crossed arms, hunched over posture, tapping foot. Cognitive – My final exam is today and I didn’t study enough - I feel sick to my stomach. I’m so nervous! Biological arousal – Increased heart rate; faster, shallow breathing; perspiration.




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