CWTI Trainings

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Evolution of Federal Child Welfare Legislation















Key Child Welfare Legislation



Law Graphic Foster Care Independence Act of 1999

This legislation created the Chafee Foster Care Independence Program (“Chafee Act”), which expanded funding and services up to age 21 for youth transitioning from foster care to independent living.  The Chafee Act recognized the importance of permanency for youth in foster care by increasing funding for incentive payments to states that increased their adoption rates for youth in care and by allowing permanency planning and independent living services to be provided concurrently. 

This legislation also created accountability measures for states implementing independent living services.  Outcomes measured by states include educational attainment, employment, avoidance of dependency, homelessness, non-marital childbirth, high-risk behaviors, and incarceration.

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Case Example


Joe is a youth in care on your caseload who will turn 18 years old this year.  His parents' rights have been terminated.  Joe is very interested in pursuing independent living and signing an extended care agreement (V-9).  With the support of Joe and his team, you will also continue recruiting potential adoptive families for him. 


Is this compliant with the Foster Care Independence Act of 1999?
Why or why not?

Type your answer and then click the "Check Answer" button.

Test Your Knowledge

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