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Understanding the Permanency Process

Family Holding Hands


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Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA)

The Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) is an important piece of federal legislation that shifted child welfare practice in an important way.

The changes that ASFA made to policy and practice are:

Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA)

Outcomes resulting from ASFA:

Permanency Options

Work toward permanency begins even before the caseworker first knocks on the door of a family and before the first interview with a child.

The following are the options for permanency in Maine, in order of priority as defined by OCFS:

  • Preservation of a child’s birth family to prevent removal.
  • Reunification with the birth family after a removal.
  • Adoption of a child by kin, fictive kin (non-blood relatives that are considered relations the adults in the child’s life), or other caring adult.
  • Permanency guardianship of a child by kin, fictive kin, or other caring adult.



Note from DeeDee on suggested activity as listed in curriculum: "Alternative small group activity-break into small groups and have each group take one of the permanency options and list the most important points about each permanency option or/also list advantages and possible risks."
This one is probably a good candidate for the fill in the blank and comparison type activity. Please provide me with examples if you want to do this.

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